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Prasanna Sattigeri

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Prasanna Sattigeri is a Principal Research Scientist at IBM Research AI and the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab, where his primary focus is on developing reliable AI solutions. His research interests are broad and encompass areas such as generative modeling, uncertainty quantification, and learning with limited data. His current projects are focused on the governance and safety of large language models (LLMs), aiming to establish both theoretical frameworks and practical systems that ensure these models are reliable and interpretable. He has played a significant role in the development of several well-known open-source trustworthy AI toolkits, including AI Fairness 360, AI Explainability 360, and Uncertainty Quantification 360.

Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=m-s38ikAAAAJ&view_op=list_works

Professional Experience

Principal Research Scientist Dec. 2015-present

IBM Research AI, MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab

Responsibilities:

Selected Projects:

Software Engineer Dec. 2014 to Dec. 2015

Yelp Inc., San Francisco, CA

Research Assistant Jan. 2009 to Dec. 2014

School of ECEE, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287

Teaching Assistant Aug. 2011 to Dec. 2013

School of ECEE, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287

Education

Ph.D. Electrical Engineering; Dec. 2014

Bachelor of Technology, Electronics Engineering; Apr. 2008

Honors and Awards

Professional Service

Invited Talks, Tutorials and Panels

Selected Press Coverage

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

  1. Joshua Lee, Yuheng Bu, Prasanna Sattigeri, Rameswar Panda, Gregory W. Wornell, Leonid Karlinsky, and Rogerio Schmidt Feris. "A Maximal Correlation Framework for Fair Machine Learning." Entropy 24, no. 4 (2022): 461.
  2. Galhotra, Sainyam, Karthikeyan Shanmugam, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Kush R. Varshney. "Interventional Fairness with Indirect Knowledge of Unobserved Protected Attributes." Entropy 23, no. 12 (2021): 1571.
  3. Bellamy, Rachel KE, et al. "Think Your Artificial Intelligence Software Is Fair? Think Again." IEEE Software 36.4 (2019): 76-80.
  4. Bellamy, Rachel KE, et al. "AI Fairness 360: An Extensible Toolkit for Detecting, Understanding, and Mitigating Unwanted Algorithmic Bias." IBM Journal of Research and Development, AI Ethics Issue (2019).
  5. Prasanna Sattigeri, Samuel C Hoffman, Vijil Chenthamarakshan, and Kush R Varshney. Fairness GAN: Generating Datasets with Fairness Properties. IBM Journal of Research and Development, AI Ethics Issue (2019).
  6. Huan Song, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Andreas Spanias. Optimizing kernel machines using deep learning. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, 2018.
  7. Pham, K. T., Prasanna Sattigeri, Amit Dhurandhar, A. C. Jacob, M. Vukovic, P. Chataigner, Juliana Freire, A. Mojsilović, and Kush R. Varshney. "Real-time understanding of humanitarian crises via targeted information retrieval." IBM Journal of Research and Development 61, no. 6 (2017): 7-1.
  8. Kuhlman, Caitlin, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Prasanna Sattigeri, Aurélie C. Lozano, Lei Cao, Chandra Reddy, Aleksandra Mojsilović, and Kush R. Varshney. "How to foster innovation: A data-driven approach to measuring economic competitiveness." IBM Journal of Research and Development 61, no. 6 (2017): 11-1.
  9. Xiangyu Bi, Sungyun Lee, James F Ranville, Prasanna Sattigeri, Andreas Spanias, Pierre Herckes, and Paul Westerhoff. Quantitative resolution of nanoparticle sizes using single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with the k-means clustering algorithm. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 29(9):1630–1639, 2014.
  10. Hyuntae Kim, Bharatan Konnanath, Prasanna Sattigeri, Joseph Wang, Ashok Mulchandani, Nosang Myung, Marc A Deshusses, Andreas Spanias, and Bertan Bakkaloglu. Electronic-nose for detecting environmental pollutants: Signal processing and analog front-end design. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 70(1):15–32, 2012.
  11. Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, Michael Goryll, Andreas Spanias, Trevor Thornton, and Stephen M Phillips. Transform domain features for ion-channel signal classification. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 6(3):219–224, 2011.

Selected Conference Proceedings

  1. Abhin Shah, Yuheng Bu, Joshua Lee, Prasanna Sattigeri, Ramweswar Panda Subhro Das, & Gregory Wornell. "Selective Regression Under Fairness Criteria". In International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML), 2022.
  2. Joshua Lee, Yuheng Bu, Prasanna Sattigeri, Rameswar Panda, Gregory Wornell, Leonid Karlinsky, and Rogerio Feris. "A maximal correlation approach to imposing fairness in machine learning." In ICASSP 2022-2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 3523-3527. IEEE, 2022.
  3. Varici, Burak, Karthikeyan Shanmugam, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Ali Tajer. "Intervention Target Estimation in the Presence of Latent Variables." In The 38th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence. 2022.
  4. Ghosh, Soumya, Q. Vera Liao, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Jiri Navratil, Prasanna Sattigeri, Kush Varshney, and Yunfeng Zhang. "Uncertainty Quantification 360: A Hands-on Tutorial." In 5th Joint International Conference on Data Science & Management of Data (9th ACM IKDD CODS and 27th COMAD), pp. 333-335. 2022.
  5. Varici, Burak, Karthikeyan Shanmugam, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Ali Tajer. "Scalable Intervention Target Estimation in Linear Models." Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 34 (2021): 1494-1505.
  6. Ahuja, Kartik, Prasanna Sattigeri, Karthikeyan Shanmugam, Dennis Wei, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, and Murat Kocaoglu. "Conditionally independent data generation." In Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, pp. 2050-2060. PMLR, 2021.
  7. Ronny Luss, Pin-Yu Chen, Amit Dhurandhar, Prasanna Sattigeri, Yunfeng Zhang, Karthikeyan Shanmugam, and Chun-Chen Tu. "Leveraging latent features for local explanations." In Proceedings of the 27th ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery & Data Mining, pp. 1139-1149. 2021.
  8. Umang Bhatt, Javier Antorán, Yunfeng Zhang, Q. Vera Liao, Prasanna Sattigeri, Riccardo Fogliato, Gabrielle Melançon et al. "Uncertainty as a form of transparency: Measuring, communicating, and using uncertainty." In Proceedings of the 2021 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society, pp. 401-413. 2021.
  9. Joshua K. Lee, Yuheng Bu, Deepta Rajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, Rameswar Panda, Subhro Das, and Gregory W. Wornell. "Fair Selective Classification via Sufficiency." In International Conference on Machine Learning, pp. 6076-6086. PMLR, 2021.
  10. Kinyanjui, Newton M., Timothy Odonga, Celia Cintas, Noel CF Codella, Rameswar Panda, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Kush R. Varshney. "Fairness of classifiers across skin tones in dermatology." In International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, pp. 320-329. Springer, Cham, 2020.
  11. Meng, Yue, Rameswar Panda, Chung-Ching Lin, Prasanna Sattigeri, Leonid Karlinsky, Kate Saenko, Aude Oliva, and Rogerio Feris. “AdaFuse: Adaptive Temporal Fusion Network for Efficient Action Recognition.” In International Conference on Learning Representations, 2021.
  12. Meng, Yue, Chung-Ching Lin, Rameswar Panda, Prasanna Sattigeri, Leonid Karlinsky, Aude Oliva, Kate Saenko, and Rogerio Feris. “Ar-net: Adaptive frame resolution for efficient action recognition.” In Computer Vision–ECCV 2020: 16th European Conference, Glasgow, UK, August 23–28, 2020, Proceedings, Part VII 16, pp. 86-104. Springer International Publishing, 2020.
  13. Tatro, Norman, Pin-Yu Chen, Payel Das, Igor Melnyk, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Rongjie Lai. "Optimizing mode connectivity via neuron alignment." Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 33 (2020): 15300-15311.
  14. Thiagarajan, Jayaraman J., Bindya Venkatesh, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Peer-Timo Bremer. "Building calibrated deep models via uncertainty matching with auxiliary interval predictors." In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence. AAAI press, 2020.
  15. Joshua Lee, Prasanna Sattigeri and Gregory Wornell. Learning New Tricks From Old Dogs: Multi-Source Transfer Learning From Pre-Trained Networks. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 2019.
  16. Thiagarajan, Jayaraman J., Deepta Rajan, and Prasanna Sattigeri. Understanding Behavior of Clinical Models under Domain Shifts, KDD Applied Data Science for Healthcare, Alaska, USA (Aug 2019). (Best Paper)
  17. Arya, Vijay, et al. "One Explanation Does Not Fit All: A Toolkit and Taxonomy of AI Explainability Techniques." arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.03012 (2019).
  18. Abhishek Kumar, Prasanna Sattigeri, Kahini Wadhawan, Leonid Karlinsky, Rogerio Feris, Bill Freeman, and Gregory Wornell. "Co-regularized alignment for unsupervised domain adaptation." In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, pp. 9345-9356. 2018.
  19. Abhishek Kumar, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Avinash Balakrishnan. Variational inference of disentangled latent concepts from unlabeled observations. ICLR, 2018.
  20. Prasanna Sattigeri, Abhishek Kumar, and Tom Fletcher. Semi-supervised learning with gans: manifold invariance with improved inference. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS, pages 5534–5544, 2017.
  21. Huan Song, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, and Andreas Spanias. A deep learning approach to multiple kernel fusion. In Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2017 IEEE International Conference on, pages 2292–2296. IEEE, 2017.
  22. Yuanshuo Zhao, Ioana Baldini, Prasanna Sattigeri, Inkit Padhi, Yoong Keok Lee, and Ethan Smith. Data driven techniques for organizing scientific articles relevant to biomimicry. AIES-AAAI, 2017.
  23. Prasanna Sattigeri and Jayaraman J Thiagarajan. Sparsifying word representa- tions for deep unordered sentence modeling. In Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Representation Learning for NLP, ACL, pages 206–214, 2016.
  24. Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Bhavya Kailkhura, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy. Treeview: Peeking into deep neural net- works via feature-space partitioning. arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.07429, NIPS Workshop, 2016.
  25. Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, and Bhavya Kailkhura. Robust local scaling using conditional quantiles of graph similarities. arXiv preprint arXiv:1612.04875 IEEE ICDM Workshop, 2016.
  26. Aurélie C Lozano, Prasanna Sattigeri, Aleksandra Mojsilović, and Kush R Varshney. Stable estimation of granger-causal factors of country-level innovation. In Signal and Information Processing (GlobalSIP), 2016 IEEE Global Conference on, pages 1290–1294. IEEE, 2016.
  27. Prasanna Sattigeri, Aurélie Lozano, Aleksandra Mojsilović, Kush R Varshney, and Mahmoud Naghshineh. Understanding innovation to drive sustainable development. arXiv preprint arXiv:1606.06177 ICML Workshop, 2016.
  28. Prasanna Sattigeri, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Mohit Shah, Karthikeyan Nate- san Ramamurthy, and Andreas Spanias. A scalable feature learning and tag prediction framework for natural environment sounds. In Signals, Systems and Computers, 2014 48th Asilomar Conference on, pages 1779–1783. IEEE, 2014.
  29. Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Prasanna Sattigeri, Peer-Timo Bremer, and Andreas Spanias. Automatic image annotation using inverse maps from semantic embeddings. In Image Processing (ICIP), 2014 IEEE International Conference on, pages 3107–3111. IEEE, 2014.
  30. Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Andreas Spanias. Ensemble sparse models for image analysis. arXiv preprint arXiv:1302.6957, 2013.
  31. Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Andreas Spanias, and Prasanna Sattigeri. Boosted dictionaries for image restoration based on sparse representations. In Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2013 IEEE International Conference on, pages 1583–1587. IEEE, 2013.
  32. P Sattigeri, JJ Thiagarajan, K Natesan Ramamurthy, A Spanias, M Goryll, and T Thornton. De-noising and event extraction for silicon pore sensors using matrix decomposition. SSPD, 2012.
  33. Prasanna Sattigeri, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Karthikeyan N Ramamurthy, and Andreas Spanias. Implementation of a fast image coding and retrieval system using a gpu. In Emerging Signal Processing Applications (ESPA), 2012 IEEE International Conference on, pages 5–8. IEEE, 2012.
  34. Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Andreas Spanias. Learning dictionaries with graph embedding constraints. In Signals, Systems and Computers (ASILOMAR), 2012 Conference Record of the Forty Sixth Asilomar Conference on, pages 1974–1978. IEEE, 2012.
  35. Jayaraman J Thiagarajan, Karthikeyan Natesan Ramamurthy, Prasanna Sattigeri, and Andreas Spanias. Supervised local sparse coding of sub-image features for image retrieval. In ICIP 2012.
  36. P Sattigeri, J Thiagarajan, K Ramamurthy, A Spanias, M Goryll, and T Thorn- ton. Robust psd features for ion-channel signals. In Sensor Signal Processing for Defence 2011, 2011.
  37. P Sattigeri, KN Ramamurthy, JJ Thiagarajan, M Goryll, A Spanias, and T Thornton. Analyte detection using an ion-channel sensor array. In Digital Signal Processing (DSP), 2011 17th International Conference on, pages 1–6. IEEE, 2011.
  38. P Sattigeri, JJ Thiagarajan, KN Ramamurthy, P Joshi, A Spanias, M Goryll, and T Thornton. Analysis of coulter counting data from nanopores using clustering. In Sensor Signal Processing for Defence 2010, 2010.
  39. Prasanna Sattigeri, JJ Thiagarajan, KN Ramamurthy, B Konnanath, T Mathew, Andreas Spanias, M Goryll, T Thornton, S Prasad, and S Phillips. Signal processing for biologically inspired sensors. In Communications, Control and Signal Processing (ISCCSP), 2010 4th International Symposium on, pages 1–5. IEEE, 2010.
  40. Ramamurthy, Karthikeyan Natesan, Jayaraman J. Thiagarajan, Prasanna Sattigeri, Bharatan Konnanath, Andreas Spanias, Trevor Thornton, Shalini Prasad, Michael Goryll, Stephen Phillips, and Stephen Goodnick. "Transform domain features for ion-channel signal classification using support vector machines." In 2009 9th International Conference on Information Technology and Applications in Biomedicine, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2009.
  41. Konnanath, Bharatan, Prasanna Sattigeri, Trupthi Mathew, Andreas Spanias, Shalini Prasad, Michael Goryll, Trevor Thornton, and Peter Knee. "Acquiring and classifying signals from nanopores and ion-channels." In International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, pp. 265-274. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.

Patents

Membership

IEEE Senior Member